Multidimensional Poverty Index

The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) was developed in 2010 by the Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Programme.

Countries often measure poverty by taking into account only income or consumption. However, these unidimensional measures fail to capture other significant aspects of poverty. The Multidimensional Poverty Index is a new international measure of acute poverty intended to complement monetary poverty measures by reflecting deprivations that individuals simultaneously experience in other dimensions of poverty such as education, health and living standards. Like monetary considerations, these are also essential to living a dignified life. The MPI can be used to create a comprehensive picture of people living in poverty, and permits comparisons across regions, urban/rural location, and other key household and community characteristics.

The MPI can be used to create a comprehensive picture of people living in poverty, and permits comparisons across regions, urban/rural location, and other key household and community characteristics.