Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)

Like development, poverty is multidimensional — but this is traditionally ignored by headline money metric measures of poverty. The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), published for the first time in the 2010 Report, complements monetary measures of poverty by considering overlapping deprivations suffered at the same time. The index identifies deprivations across the same three dimensions as the HDI and shows the number of people who are multi-dimensionally poor (suffering deprivations in 33% or more of weighted indicators) and the number of deprivations with which poor households typically contend with. It can be deconstructed by region, ethnicity and other groupings as well as by dimension, making it an apt tool for policymakers. For more technical details see Technical notes.

The MPI can help the effective allocation of resources by making possible the targeting of those with the greatest intensity of poverty; it can help address MDGs strategically and monitor impacts of policy intervention. The MPI can be adapted to the national level using indicators and weights that make sense for the region or the country, it can also be adopted for national poverty eradication programs, and it can be used to study changes over time.

UNDP supports countries in three different ways, through the MAPS approach: mainstreaming, acceleration and policy support.

  • Providing support to governments to reflect the new global agenda in national development plans and policies. This work is already underway in many countries at national request;
  • Supporting countries to accelerate progress on SDG targets. In this, we will make use of our extensive experience over the past five years with the MDG Acceleration Framework; and
  • Making the UN's policy expertise on sustainable development and governance available to governments at all stages of implementation.

Indicator Wise Data For Country. (2015)

Multidimensional Poverty Index
Incidence 22.64
Intensity 24.74
MPI 0.11

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